Emotional disorders and their relationship to academic achievement in dental students

  • Angela María SARRAZOLA-MONCADA
  • Juan David SOTO-FADUl
  • Luisa CARMONA
  • Milena GARCÍA
  • Gisela ROJAS
  • Vanesa TABARES
  • Maritza VÁSQUEZ

Abstract

Introduction: Emotional disorders can
influence the academic performance of
students, however, the factors, academic,
family and social, can modify this relationship.
Aim: To describe the emotional disorders
and their relationship with academic performance
in the students of the Faculty of
Dentistry of the Cooperativa de Colombia
University, Medellin, Envigado. Materials
and methods: A cross-sectional study
was conducted in 140 randomly selected
students, who were surveyed with sociodemographic
information, academic
performance and applied a validated instrument
for measuring emotional disorders.
A univariate and bivariate analysis was
performed.
Results: 140 students participated, the
average age was 22,5 years, most women
55,7%. In general the average of the students
was of 3.79 with a standard deviation
of 0.33 a minimum of 3,0 and a maximum
of 4,5. Mainly, a greater percentage of the
depressive disorder was found in 18,6% and
of anxiety in 13,6% and there was no association
with statistical significance between
the emotional disorders and the academic
performance, according to the chi-square
test (p≥0.05, chi-square). Conclusion: The
most frequent emotional disorders in dental
students were depression and anxiety.
Depression occurred more in students with
average (good) academic performance.

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Abstract

Introduction: Emotional disorders can
influence the academic performance of
students, however, the factors, academic,
family and social, can modify this relationship.
Aim: To describe the emotional disorders
and their relationship with academic performance
in the students of the Faculty of
Dentistry of the Cooperativa de Colombia
University, Medellin, Envigado. Materials
and methods: A cross-sectional study
was conducted in 140 randomly selected
students, who were surveyed with sociodemographic
information, academic
performance and applied a validated instrument
for measuring emotional disorders.
A univariate and bivariate analysis was
performed.
Results: 140 students participated, the
average age was 22,5 years, most women
55,7%. In general the average of the students
was of 3.79 with a standard deviation
of 0.33 a minimum of 3,0 and a maximum
of 4,5. Mainly, a greater percentage of the
depressive disorder was found in 18,6% and
of anxiety in 13,6% and there was no association
with statistical significance between
the emotional disorders and the academic
performance, according to the chi-square
test (p≥0.05, chi-square). Conclusion: The
most frequent emotional disorders in dental
students were depression and anxiety.
Depression occurred more in students with
average (good) academic performance.

Published
2018-05-12
How to Cite
SARRAZOLA-MONCADA, Angela María et al. Emotional disorders and their relationship to academic achievement in dental students. Revista Estomatología, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 2, may 2018. ISSN 2248-7220. Available at: <http://nexus.univalle.edu.co/index.php/revista_estomatologia/article/view/6500>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.25100/re.v25i2.6500.
Section
Original Articles

Keywords

Anxiety, depression, academic performance, students of dentistry.