Caries prevalence and COP rate in a school population of 12 years at the municipality of Copacabana 2013-2014
Objective: Calculate the prevalence of
caries and related factors in schoolchildren
from 12 years in the municipality of
Materials and methods: Cross sectional
study, with a sample of 483 adolescents.
Sociodemographic and practice in oral
health variables were evaluated. Oral and
evaluation DMF index according to the
recommendations of the Ministry of Health
was conducted. Univariate, bivariate analysis
and OR calculation was performed.
Results: 51% were men, 77.8% live in
urban areas, 56.5% belong to stratum 2 and
63.6% belong to the contributory scheme.
41.8% change the toohtbrush every 30
days. 81.4% use dental floss with occasional
use by 41.6% of students. Caries
prevalence was higher in men with 53.6%,
in rural área with 60.5%, in stratum 1 with
65.4% and subsidized scheme with 57.2%.
The traditional DMF index was 1.26 and
the modified was 0.99. The urban area of
residence (OR 0.59 IC95% 0.38 to 0.92)
and frequency upshift toohtbrush at 90
days (OR 0.54 IC95% 0.30 to 0.97) were
identified as protective factors.
Conclusion: Adolescents from the town of
Copacabana present a lower prevalence in
caries experience, as well as a traditional
and modified DMF index lower than that
reported by other studies. The importance
of strengthening oral health habits such as
flossing, control sugar intake and regular
visits to the dentist is highlighted.