Economic geography and foreign investment flow in Latin America

  • Juan Gabriel Vanegas Lopez
  • Jorge Aníbal Restrepo Morales
  • Guberney Muñeton Santa


Using a gravity investment model, this paper analyzes the determinants of bilateral foreign direct investment inflows (FDI) in some Latin American countries. It incorporates some elements that have been addressed by the New Economic Geography, comparing and controlling by the weight of the factors directly related to FDI. The analysis includes variables related to: (i) potential investment, like the market and commercial size of the countries and their investment partners; (ii) predetermined and historically rooted factors, like geographic distance, frontiers, and common language; and (iii) dummies for institutional and governmental factors that explain restrictions and investment incentives, like participation in trade and investment agreements, and the grants of preferential access. The paper finds that distance and potential investment variables play a role in shaping investment patterns in some countries of the region.


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Author Biographies

Juan Gabriel Vanegas Lopez
Docente Investigador, coordinador del programa de negocios internacionales
Jorge Aníbal Restrepo Morales
Docente Investigador vínculado al grupo de Investigación RED de la facultad de ciencias ecnómicas y administrativas. Cátedra del Area financiera e Investigación.Areas de interes: Competitividad y Finanzas
Guberney Muñeton Santa
docente de cátedra
How to Cite
VANEGAS LOPEZ, Juan Gabriel; RESTREPO MORALES, Jorge Aníbal; MUÑETON SANTA, Guberney. Economic geography and foreign investment flow in Latin America. Cuadernos de Administración, [S.l.], v. 28, n. 48, p. 37-52, feb. 2013. ISSN 2256-5078. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 mar. 2019. doi:


foreign direct investment, new economic geography, gravity model